The difference between Confucian and Leninist education philosophy – 孔子和列宁教育理念的差别 – English

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The idea of education arumented by contemporary people begins just talking about in which way China is wrong and the West is right. This article cite two figures whose influence on education was extremely huge: they are respectively
本文列举两位对教育影响巨大的人物,分别是至圣先师孔子和革命导师列宁,对比双方的教育思想。

一,学习目的。

子曰:“学而时习之,不亦说乎?有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?人不知而不愠,不亦君子乎?”孔夫子三句话讲了三个学习目的:为应用而学,为功名而学,非功利而学。三个目的又可以归纳为一个目的,为自己而学。

希腊时期公民教育,为城邦繁荣而学;中世纪教会教育,为信仰弘扬而学;近现代公立教育,为国家复兴而学。三个目的又可以归纳为一个目的,为集体而学。在前人基础上,列宁指出:“不识字的人实现不了电气化”,“在一个文盲的国家里”不可能“建成共产主义社会”。

二,学习内容。

《论语·述而》:“子以四教:文、行、忠、信。”

文、行、忠、信分别为文学、德行、政事、言语四科的简称。文学是指诗、书、礼、乐、易、春秋,合称六经,学成之后学富五车桃李满园,子夏是典型。德行指孝悌、爱众、亲仁、忠恕,学成之后安贫乐道享受人生,颜回是典型。政事是指礼、乐、射、御、书、数,合称六艺,学成之后高官厚禄闻达诸侯,冉有是典型。言语是指应对、进退、酬酢、正名、辞达、征信,学成之后纵横捭阖富甲天下,子贡是典型。

古希腊的教学内容分为文法、体育、音乐三部分,分别培养官吏、军人和贵族。中世纪统一的教学内容是《圣经》,通过读《圣经》识字,识字为了读懂《圣经》。列宁主张首先发展“国民识字教育”,然后“使他们自己能够培养共产主义的观点。”

三,办学机构

孔子是私人办学的身体力行者。传统私塾、书院,在教育现代化的名义下逐渐式微。

古希腊时期城邦办学,中世纪教会办学,近现代国家办学。列宁主张党办教育:“无产阶级,通过它的先锋队共产党和所有无产阶级组织,应当作为最积极、最主要的力量参与整个国民教育事业。”



Source : my1510

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October 28, 2015 @ 20:33:02Current Revision
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  <p>The philosophy of education argumented by contemporaries just talks in which way China is wrong and the West is right. This article cites two historical figures whose influence on education was extremely huge: they are respectively the ancient master Confucius and the revolutionary guide Lenin, and their divergent education philosophies.</p>
  <p>1: The goal of education</p>
  <p>Confucius says: "To learn something and find a time to practice it, is it not a a pleasure? To have friends come from far away for conversation, is it not a delight? And not to blame somebody when they don't recognize you, is it not how gentlemen behave?" Confucius assigns three goals to education: study to build skills, study to build fame, and study for the sake of study. These three goals can be summed up into just one: to study for oneself. </p>
  <p>Greek civic education was intended for the prosperity of the city; Medieval church education was intended to promote religion and scholarship; modern education is intended for national renewal and scholarship. These three sets of goals can be summarised into one, collective education and scholarship. 在前人基础上,列宁指出:“不识字的人实现不了电气化”,“在一个文盲的国家里”不可能“建成共产主义社会”。</p>
  <p>2. The content of education</p>
  <p>The Analects identify four elements of education: text, practice, loyalty, trust. </p>
  <p>These four elements translate into the subjects of literature, ethics, politics, and rhetorics. Literature includes the book of poems, , rites, odes, changes, and Spring and Autumn Annals, collectively known as the six classics. 学成之后学富五车桃李满园,子夏是典型。德行指孝悌、爱众、亲仁、忠恕,学成之后安贫乐道享受人生,颜回是典型。政事是指礼、乐、射、御、书、数,合称六艺,学成之后高官厚禄闻达诸侯,冉有是典型。言语是指应对、进退、酬酢、正名、辞达、征信,学成之后纵横捭阖富甲天下,子贡是典型。</p>
  <p>Ancient Greek education contained three parts: rhetorics, sports and music, which characterised educated officials, soldiers and the nobility. The core of the Medieval education system was the Bible, literacy was developed by reading the Bible, and the goal of literacy was to read the Bible. 列宁主张首先发展“国民识字教育”,然后“使他们自己能够培养共产主义的观点。</p>
  <p>3: Educational institutions</p>
<p>The idea of education arumented by contemporary people begins just talking about in which way China is wrong and the West is right. This article cite two figures whose influence on education was extremely huge: they are respectively  <p>Confucius taught as a private practicioner. Traditional schools and study centres have gradually declined in the name of educational modernisation.</p>
本文列举两位对教育影响巨大的人物,分别是至圣先师孔子和革命导师列宁,对比双方的教育思想。</p>  
  <p>The Ancient Greek city-States had schools, the Medieval period had schools, and countries in the contemporary age have schools. Lenin advocated for school-based education: "The Proletariat, led by the Communist Party as its vanguard and all other proletarian organisations, should serve as the most active and important force participating in the whole national education." </p>
<p>一,学习目的。</p>  <p></p>
<p>子曰:“学而时习之,不亦说乎?有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?人不知而不愠,不亦君子乎?”孔夫子三句话讲了三个学习目的:为应用而学,为功名而学,非功利而学。三个目的又可以归纳为一个目的,为自己而学。</p>  
<p>希腊时期公民教育,为城邦繁荣而学;中世纪教会教育,为信仰弘扬而学;近现代公立教育,为国家复兴而学。三个目的又可以归纳为一个目的,为集体而学。在前人基础上,列宁指出:“不识字的人实现不了电气化”,“在一个文盲的国家里”不可能“建成共产主义社会”。</p>  
<p>二,学习内容。</p>  
<p>《论语·述而》:“子以四教:文、行、忠、信。”</p>  
<p>文、行、忠、信分别为文学、德行、政事、言语四科的简称。文学是指诗、、礼、乐、易、春秋,合称六经,学成之后学富五车桃李满园,子夏是典型。德行指孝悌、爱众、亲仁、忠恕,学成之后安贫乐道享受人生,颜回是典型。政事是指礼、乐、射、御、书、数,合称六艺,学成之后高官厚禄闻达诸侯,冉有是典型。言语是指应对、进退、酬酢、正名、辞达、征信,学成之后纵横捭阖富甲天下,子贡是典型。</p>   
<p>古希腊的教学内容分为文法、体育、音乐三部分,分别培养官吏、军人和贵族。中世纪统一的教学内容是《圣经》,通过读《圣经》识字,识字为了读懂《圣经》。列宁主张首先发展“国民识字教育”,然后“使他们自己能够培养共产主义的观点。”</p>  
<p>三,办学机构</p>  
<p>孔子是私人办学的身体力行者。传统私塾、书院,在教育现代化的名义下逐渐式微。</p>  
<p>古希腊时期城邦办学,中世纪教会办学,近现代国家办学。列宁主张党办教育:“无产阶级,通过它的先锋队共产党和所有无产阶级组织,应当作为最积极、最主要的力量参与整个国民教育事业。”</p>  

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French-Australian writer, educator, sinophile. Any question? Contact julien@marcopoloproject.org