The difference between Confucian and Leninist education philosophy – 孔子和列宁教育理念的差别 – English

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The philosophy of education argumented by contemporaries just talks in which way China is wrong and the West is right. This article cites two historical figures whose influence on education was extremely huge: they are respectively the ancient master Confucius and the revolutionary guide Lenin, and their divergent education philosophies.

1: The goal of education

Confucius says: “To learn something and find a time to practice it, is it not a a pleasure? To have friends come from far away for conversation, is it not a delight? And not to blame somebody when they don’t recognize you, is it not how gentlemen behave?” Confucius assigns three goals to education: study to build skills, study to build fame, and study for the sake of study. These three goals can be summed up into just one: to study for oneself.

Greek civic education was intended for the prosperity of the city; Medieval church education was intended to promote religion and scholarship; modern education is intended for national renewal and scholarship. These three sets of goals can be summarised into one, collective education and scholarship. 在前人基础上,列宁指出:“不识字的人实现不了电气化”,“在一个文盲的国家里”不可能“建成共产主义社会”。

2. The content of education

The Analects identify four elements of education: text, practice, loyalty, trust.

These four elements translate into the subjects of literature, ethics, politics, and rhetorics. Literature includes the book of poems, 书, rites, odes, changes, and Spring and Autumn Annals, collectively known as the six classics. 学成之后学富五车桃李满园,子夏是典型。德行指孝悌、爱众、亲仁、忠恕,学成之后安贫乐道享受人生,颜回是典型。政事是指礼、乐、射、御、书、数,合称六艺,学成之后高官厚禄闻达诸侯,冉有是典型。言语是指应对、进退、酬酢、正名、辞达、征信,学成之后纵横捭阖富甲天下,子贡是典型。

Ancient Greek education contained three parts: rhetorics, sports and music, which characterised educated officials, soldiers and the nobility. The core of the Medieval education system was the Bible, literacy was developed by reading the Bible, and the goal of literacy was to read the Bible. 列宁主张首先发展“国民识字教育”,然后“使他们自己能够培养共产主义的观点。

3: Educational institutions

Confucius taught as a private practicioner. Traditional schools and study centres have gradually declined in the name of educational modernisation.

The Ancient Greek city-States had schools, the Medieval period had schools, and countries in the contemporary age have schools. Lenin advocated for school-based education: “The Proletariat, led by the Communist Party as its vanguard and all other proletarian organisations, should serve as the most active and important force participating in the whole national education.”


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Source : my1510

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French-Australian writer, educator, sinophile. Any question? Contact